information or requests,
as well as to inform us about any errors you may have found in our
aids, or just to say "thank you", please write to our e-mail address:
prefer, you can use the contact forms provided in this page. Just click
the form name or the button to expand or collapse the form
Questions (FAQs) are also answered hereafter, just click the question
or the button to expand or collapse the answer.
"Just to say thank you" form
New work request form
CD shipment request form
Error notification form
Technical support request form
Special donation form
Generic communication form
Frequently Asked Questions - general matters
What is Choralia?
Choralia is a
website devoted to training aids for choirs. Choralia's final goal is
to encourage the diffusion of choral music by helping choir singers to
more easily study and learn their parts.
How long has Choralia been around?
is online since March 2006. Some training aids were originally prepared
more than 10 years before, for internal use of some choirs in Italy,
without distribution via internet. The increasing number of requests to
prepare training materials suggested to use internet as a convenient
way to collect further requests and to distribute training aids
Who runs the website?
entirely run by an individual, Massimo Capozza (http://www.capozza.it). All training
aids, web pages, etc., are made by him as a hobby.
Is there a relationship between Choralia and
Choral Public Domain Library (CPDL)?
websites share the same goal, i.e., to encourage the diffusion of
choral music. CPDL is based on a collaborative model for distributing
sheet music, while Choralia is an individual effort devoted to choral
training aids. CPDL is a primary source of sheet music for Choralia,
while Choralia sponsors CPDL by donating one third of any donations
received. Massimo Capozza, manager of Choralia, is
also a CPDL manager.
Are training aids provided for free?
Yes and no.
Anybody can download Choralia's training aids for free. However, the
actual use of training aids is subject to Choralia's license policy,
where a donation of any amount is supposed to be made by users. In
reality, very few users actually donate, however such a moral duty
exists (see Choralia's license policy for details).
What can I do with Choralia's
for training purposes is allowed. You can also share Choralia's
training aids with others, provided that you meet the requirements of
Choralia's license policy, including, but not limited to, informing
other parties that Choralia's training aids are copyrighted. The
Choralia's license policy applies to anybody makes use of our training aids.
Is donating mandatory?
No. If, after
having tried our training aids, you decide that they don't suit your
needs and you don't use them, you are not supposed to donate any
amount. However, if you use them, you are supposed to donate an amount
that you deem as reasonable for the benefits you get.
What's the reasonable amount of a donation?
from individuals are typically in the 5 - 50 Euro
range for each work. Choirs typically collect donations from several
donations are typically in the 20 - 200 Euro range.
How can I donate?
"Donations" page you can donate on-line using your credit card or
PayPal account. Please email us or use the "Special donation form"
above if you want to use alternative ways to donate.
For what purposes are donations used?
One third of
all donations is donated to the Choral Public Domain Library (CPDL) to
operate, maintain, and develop the
CPDL website. The remaining amount is used to cover Choralia's
operational costs, such as web hosting services, hardware/software used
to produce training aids, purchasing of sheet music, etc. .
Frequently Asked Questions - license policy
Is the use of training aids by Choralia fully
from a copyright viewpoint?
provided by Choralia are stored on servers physically located in United
States of America. Copyright laws of U.S.A. apply. The works for which
training aids are published on Choralia are either in the public domain
in the U.S.A., or permission has been obtained from the relevant
copyright holders, or they are provided under the "Fair Use" conditions
as per Title 17, Chapter 1, para. 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976.
Choralia's training aids are downloaded from our servers, users are
responsible to meet
the requirements of their local copyright laws and regulations. Please
be aware that works that are in the public domain in the U.S.A. might
not be in the public domain in other countries (e.g., in the European
Union), due to different regulations. The "Fair use" doctrine as it is
intended in the U.S.A. might not be recognized in other countries. A
copyright warning is shown on the catalogue pages for works that are
most likely subject to restrictions in other countries. Anyway, the
ultimate responsibility to check and meet the requirements of local
copyright laws when using Choralia's training aids is with the user.
Are Choralia's training aids copyrighted?
What's the copyright policy?
of Choralia, Massimo Capozza, owns all the applicable intellectual
property rights of
the Choralia's training aids, such as creative components added by him,
electronic performance rights, broadcasting rights, etc. . Use of
aids is permitted under license. Choralia's license policy is based on
Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike license policy, plus
some Choralia-specific additions. Anybody who receives training aids
made by Choralia is to be regarded as a Licensee, who may use the
training aids under the license conditions described hereafter.
The training aids are provided for the Licensee's individual use only.
However, the Licensee is allowed to copy and distribute the training
aids to other people, who will automatically become Choralia's
Licensees, too. The Licensee shall inform any person receiving a copy
about the Choralia's license conditions described herein and about the
Choralia's donation policy. Specifically, if copies of Choralia's
training aids are made for other people, a donation to Choralia for
should be made. The donation may be made either by the person
who makes the copy, or by the person who receives it. People receiving
a copy of the training aids without knowing whether a donation was made
or not for such a copy should consider making a donation on their own.
The Licensee who duplicates and/or distributes the Choralia's training
aids must not make any profit from it. The Licensee may recover costs
for materials (e.g., recordable CDs or tapes) without profit. Any
copies must not be sold for profit.
The act of receiving and using any training aids made by Choralia is
deemed as agreement to this license.
The license may be changed or withdrawn at any time.
Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike license policy applies
for any other conditions not described above. In the case of conflict
between the above license conditions and Creative Commons Attribution
Non-Commercial Share Alike, the above license conditions prevail.
Can I make copies and distribute training aids
choir or to others?
Yes, you can.
However, you have to inform any person receiving a copy about the Choralia's
license conditions and about the Choralia's donation policy. See
details about Choralia's license policy above.
Can I make copies and sell training aids to my
or to others?
may only recover
costs for materials (e.g., recordable CDs or tapes) without profit. Any
copies must not be sold for profit. See details about Choralia's license policy above.
How can I notify Choralia of a copyright
If you are a
copyright holder and you believe that Choralia is infringing your
intellectual property rights, please notify us via the contact
information available on the top of this page. In your notification,
please specify any content for which you are the copyright holder, and
include the elements specified in the Digital Millenium Copyright Act
of the U.S. regulations.
Frequently Asked Questions - technical
What's the difference between the various
(CMS, VS, mp3)?
Music Synthesis) is the oldest technology, that has been discontinued
(although all training aids produced in CMS technology remain
available). If this technology is used, human voice is simulated using
"doo doo" sound, without lyrics. You cannot change tempo or transpose
pitch. The advantage of this technology is that it is very
simple to use, and CMS files have a very small size (typically 2 - 3
all works, even those requiring multiple audio CDs when recorded. This
makes CMS technology suitable for narrow-band, dial-up telephone
modems. For details about the CMS technology, please read the CMS manual.
Singer) is the most powerful technology. Human voice is simulated
including lyrics (however this function can be switched "on" or "off",
that CMS-alike "doo doo" sound remains available, too). You can change
tempo, transpose pitch, change relative levels of voices and/or of
accompaniment. VS files remain relatively small, so this technology is
compatible with narrow-band, dial-up telephone modems. Its only
disadvantage is that it is a little bit more complicated to use: you
have to install a specific software plug-in or a specific application
to use VS technology with all its capabilities, and to record audio
mp3 players or on CDs. For details about the VS technology, please read the VS manual.
corresponds to VS technology, however mp3 audio files are prepared by
Choralia, ready-to-use, so that you can download them like any other
mp3 file available on the internet, and play them on your PC, copy them
to your mp3 player or
CDs, and so on. This is the most popular way of using Choralia's
However, you cannot change tempo or transpose pitch with it.
Furthermore, as mp3 files are relatively large, a broadband connection
(e.g., DSL, ADSL) is strongly recommended. For details about the mp3
technology, please read the mp3 manual.
What are the technical requirements for the
technologies (CMS, VS, mp3)?
CMS only runs
on PCs equipped with Microsoft Windows operating system. Other
operating systems may be able to run it under Windows emulation.
VS runs under Microsoft Windows and on Macintosh (Mac OS X 10.3 and
mp3 runs on
any machine that is able to manage mp3 files.
Do I need a broadband connection (e.g., DSL,
connection is strongly recommended if you download mp3 files. If you
use CMS or VS technology, a narrow-band, dial-up telephone modem
connection can be sufficient.
Do I need a very powerful hardware?
No. Only CMS
files may require some time for being processed if hardware is not
powerful. Creating audio files for one CD with CMS technology may take
some minutes on today's PCs, and some hours on older PCs. If you use an
old PC, it may be convenient to leave the PC working exclusively on
task, for example during the night.
Do I need any specific software?
CMS and mp3
do not require any specific software (aside, obviously, an internet
browser and software to play audio files, and/or CD recording software
if you intend to make CDs). VS technology requires that the Myriad
Music Plug-in or the Melody Player software are installed. The Myriad Music Plug-in and
Melody Player are available, free, at the Myriad
Software website. Additional software is required if you want to record
CDs. Please read the VS manual
What about technical support?
contact us via email or using the "Technical support request form"
Frequently Asked Questions - specific
May I request new works not currently included
course. Almost all training aids available in the catalogues were
created upon request. Please contact us via email or using the "New work
request form" above.
May I modify (e.g., transpose, slow down,
Yes, from a
technical viewpoint you can do it yourself if you use VS technology.
The Choralia's license policy applies to any modified materials. CMS
and mp3 do not allow you to do it yourself, but we can prepare specific
materials for you. Please contact us via email or using the "Generic
communication form" above.
May I obtain source files (e.g., .myr, .mid)
existing works to modify them myself?
This may be
possible or not, depending on intellectual property rights of third
parties (e.g., the composer, the author of the keyboard reduction,
contact us via email or using the generic communication form above.
Frequently Asked Questions - warranty,
updates and other information
What about warranty?
produced by Choralia are provided "as they are", without any form of
warranty. As all training aids are available for downloading free of
charge, the user is supposed to try them autonomously, and determine
whether they are adequate for the user's purposes or not. Use of
training aids produced by Choralia implies the acceptance of the
materials and of the license conditions "as they are".
What about errors?
specific technologies to minimize the number of errors (wrong note
pitch, start time, or duration) present in our training aids. However,
it is impossible to guarantee 100% error-free materials. Error ratio is
estimated to vary from 10e-3 (i.e., one wrong note every one thousand
notes) to 10e-5 (i.e., one wrong note every 100 thousand notes), depending on the availability
of alternative sources to cross-check our materials. Error
notifications are welcome, and errors are corrected as soon as
above. After the
appropriate checks, an up-dated version of the training aids, including the
relevant corrections, will be published.
What about privacy of personal information
(e.g., email addresses)?
information are treated in compliance with the applicable data
protection laws and norms. Email addresses collected are never provided
to others without authorization.
I need further information not included in the
What shall I do?
contact us via email or using the generic communication form above.